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Thursday, May 21, 2020 | History

2 edition of Biophysical studies on the interaction of drugs with nucleic acids and ribosomes. found in the catalog.

Biophysical studies on the interaction of drugs with nucleic acids and ribosomes.

J. D. Buchanan

Biophysical studies on the interaction of drugs with nucleic acids and ribosomes.

by J. D. Buchanan

  • 310 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by University of Salford in Salford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

PhD thesis, Chemistry.

SeriesND11813/75
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20306884M

The ribosome (70S in bacteria) possesses three main tRNA-binding sites: the aminoacyl (A)-, peptidyl (P)-, and exit (E) sites, located at the interface of the small (30S) and large (50S) ribosomal subunits (inset to Figure 1).The L-shaped tRNA molecules are oriented such that the tRNA anticodon-mRNA codon interactions take place on the 30S subunit, whereas the 3′ CCA termini interact with Cited by:   Biological macromolecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids, are constructed from atoms and bonds with dimensions of around nm. To understand how macromolecules operate, we need to know how the atoms come together to form their precise and intricate shapes, thus forming structural scaffolds, catalysts and a variety of elaborate by: 9.

Studies on the interaction of hairpin DNA with the α-hemolysin (α-HL) nanopore have determined hairpin unzipping kinetics, thermodynamics, and sequence-dependent DNA/protein interactions. Missing from these results is a systematic study comparing the unzipping process for fishhook (one-tail) vs internal (two-tail) hairpins when they are electrophoretically driven from the cis to the trans Cited by: Cell nanobiology. We define cell nanobiology as an emergent scientific area trying to approach the study of the in situ cell processes ocurring at the nanoscale. Therefore, it is part of cell biology but mainly deals with an interphase between analytical methods such as X-ray crystallography producing models at atomic or molecular resolution, and direct nanoscale imaging with high.

These enzymes catalyze the breakdown of nucleic acids, proteins, cell wall carbohydrates, and phospholipid membranes (see Table ). Mitochondria Mitochondria are membranous organelles (Fig. ) of great importance in the energy metabolism of the cell; they are the source of most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) (Chap. 10) and the site of. 17 annual review of biochemistry brown dm; todd ar nucleic acids. 18 annual review of biochemistry haddow a the biochemistry of cancer. 19 annual review of medicine 6: haddow a neoplastic diseases (cancer) 20 experientia 11 (8): butler jav effects of ultra-violet light on nucleic acid and nucleoproteins and other.


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Biophysical studies on the interaction of drugs with nucleic acids and ribosomes by J. D. Buchanan Download PDF EPUB FB2

RNA–RNA interactions by base-paring (van Himbergen et al., Nucleic Acids Res 21(8)–, ). RNA–RNA interactions play important roles in gene transcription and protein translation. This chapter discusses the effects of drugs on structure, biosynthesis, and catabolism of nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

War-time studies, concerned with alleviating the injuries produced by chemical warfare agents, provided the first evidence that some biologically active substances exert their effects by reacting with the genetic material of the cell. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation and expression of and DNA are nucleic acids, and, along with lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, constitute the four major macromolecules essential for all known forms of DNA, RNA is assembled as a chain of nucleotides, but unlike DNA, RNA is found in nature.

Ribosomes (/ ˈ r aɪ b ə ˌ s oʊ m,-b oʊ-/) are macromolecular machines, found within all living cells, that perform biological protein synthesis (mRNA translation).

Ribosomes link amino acids together in the order specified by the codons of messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules to form polypeptide chains. Ribosomes consist of two major components: the small and large ribosomal subunits.

These results suggest a model whereby post-termination ribosomes/ribosomal subunits bind to the kl-TSS and are delivered to the 5' end via the associated RNA:RNA interaction, which enhances the. Nucleic acid blotting and hybridization DNA cloning in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Sequencing and analysis Protein-nucleic acid interaction Transgenic organisms Microarrays Proteomics and protein-protein interaction.

Preparing for the Test. GRE Subject Test questions are designed to measure skills and knowledge gained over a long period of time. The most adequate and proper techniques that are used in this category are differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), which provide unique complementary information for nucleic acids, modified nucleic acids, nucleic acid-ligand interactions, and protein-ligand interaction and are very useful methods in finding thermodynamic parameters using the same Author: Mohammed Awad Ali Khalid.

We especially look forward to papers describing the development, testing, and use of tools systematically categorizing, classifying, and validating the structure and dynamics of nucleic acids. Nucleic acids are involved in, and influenced by, interactions with many partners, proteins, drugs, metal cations, water, etc.

The first antiviral drugs that target integrase, the viral enzyme that catalyzes DNA integration, have recently been approved and more are in the pipeline. These drugs bind to an intermediate in DNA integration called the intasome, in which a pair of viral DNA ends are synapsed by a tetramer of integrase, rather than free integrase by: Two percent of the carbon had formed amino acids that are used to make proteins in living cells, with glycine as the most abundant.

Sugars, liquids, were also formed. Nucleic acids were not formed within the reaction. But the common 20 amino acids were formed, but in various concentrations. While Streptococcus pyogenes is consistently susceptible toward penicillin, therapeutic failure of penicillin treatment has been reported repeatedly and a considerable number of patients exhibit allergic reactions to this substance.

At the same time, streptococcal resistance to alternative antibiotics, e.g., macrolides, has increased. Taken together, these facts demand the development of novel Cited by: The ribosome is a complex ribonucleoprotein-based molecular machine that orchestrates protein synthesis in the cell.

Both ribosomal RNA and ribosomal proteins can be chemically modified by reactive oxygen species, which may alter the ribosome′s functions or cause a complete loss of functionality. The oxidative damage that ribosomes accumulate during their lifespan in a cell may lead to Cited by: 3. Physicochemical and biophysical mechanisms.

Some drugs can alter the physicochemical or biophysical characteristics of specific components of the cell, e.g. inhalant anesthetics may affect the lipid matrix of the cell membrane and polymyxins are cationic surface active agents that disrupt membrane phospholipids.

Darzynkiewicz E, Shatkin AJ () Assignment of reovirus mRNA ribosome binding sites to virion genome segments by nucleotide sequence analyses. Nucleic Acids Res – Dasgupta R, Shih DS, Saris C, Kaesberg P () Nucleotide sequence of a viral RNA fragment that binds to eukaryotic ribosomes.

Nature – Google ScholarCited by: The effect of nucleic acids on the development of certain enzymic activities in disrupted staphylococcal cells, Biochem.

59, – S. Spiegelman: Protein Synthesis in Protoplasts, in CIBA Foundation Symp. on Ionizing Radiations and Cell Metabolism, eds G. Wolstenholme and C. O’Connor, Churchill, London– Antoine van Oijen obtained his BSc and PhD degrees in the Netherlands, where he was trained as a physicist.

A growing fascination for biology resulted in him moving to the USA and establishing a research group at Harvard Medical School. The development of molecules that selectively bind to nucleic acids has provided many details about DNA and RNA recognition.

The range of such substances, such as metal complexes, peptides, oligonucleotides and a wide array of synthetic organic compounds, is. The Encyclopedia of Cell Biology offers a broad overview of cell biology, offering reputable, foundational content for researchers and students across the biological and medical sciences.

This important work includes articles from domain experts covering every aspect of cell biology, with fully annotated figures, abundant illustrations. Matthias is heading the department for Molecular Interaction and Biophysics (MIB) at Merck-Serono since Integrated into the “Small Molecule Platform”, the group is responsible for molecular interaction studies and protein crystallographic work, to generate insight into the mode of action by combining various biophysical methods.

Protein primary structure is the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide or protein. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.

Protein biosynthesis is most commonly performed by ribosomes in cells. Peptides can also be synthesized in the laboratory. Protein, highly complex substance that is present in all living organisms.

Proteins are of great nutritional value and are directly involved in the chemical processes essential for life. Their importance was recognized in the early 19th century. Learn more. While the interaction of clomiphene (4) with the RRE RNA target was specific, target binding of cyproheptadine (5) was compromised in the presence of competitor nucleic acids.

Interaction sites of the drugs 4 and 5 with the RRE target were investigated by NMR, revealing the G-rich internal loop in the lower stem of the SL-IIB RNA as the binding Cited by: 3.Nucleic acid medicines are next generation drugs [95], which use “nucleic acids” such as DNA and RNA.

While research are being conducted on nucleic acid medicines in various countries around the world, Bonac has developed “Bonac Nucleic Acid” based on a novel approach.